Italy’s populist government refused to relent on its policy turning away refugee rescue ships, as it boycotted a meeting of European ministers to tackle the Mediterranean migrant crisis. Italy; Coronavirus risk reason to grant migrants protection, Italian court rules. The Italian refugees from Libya were the Italian colonists and their descendants who were forced out of Libya after the end of WWII. “We had no communication whatsoever before the 19,” Maria Rita Cardillo, the legal officer of the programme in Caserta, told Al Jazeera. Twenty refugees from Eritrea, Sudan, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo arrived in Italy on September 11 thanks to the project University Corridors for Refugees. Rome, Italy – Before arriving in Italy, Koffi (not his real name), a 29-year-old from Ivory Coast, did not know much about lasagna. “I love cooking Italian better than Ivorian food,” Koffi told Al Jazeera. The outgoing interior minister closed Italy's refugee camps and its ports. The report advocates that the EU employ “rapid and effective” reunification procedures; ensure cooperation between Member States in securing “the principle of the best interests of the child”; and that Member States “safeguard the rights and opportunities of young refugees in transition to adulthood”. The report revealed that in June, there were 7,272 UASC (short for unaccompanied or separated children) living in Italy and that over the last five years, some 60,000 had turned 18. In 2020, 34.1 thousand migrants arrivals on the Italian coasts. Based in Rome, the Joel Nafuma Refugee Center (JNRC) is a nonprofit that works to give homeless refugees the tools necessary to create a life for themselves in Italy, including legal advice, employment services, technology courses and language classes. Local town halls will now decide whether to keep the affected people in the reception programme. The risk of COVID-19 in their country of origin can be considered a reason to grant migrants humanitarian protection in Italy, a Milan court has ruled. … The JNRC helps about 200 to 250 refugees per week and about 12,000 refugees each year. The issue of war refugees in Italy during WWI is not restricted to those who fled or were evacuated after the Austrian occupation of the Veneto and Friuli in 1917. Italy: Migrants and refugees on the margins of society In Borgo Mezzanone, near Foggia, there is a governmental reception center with more than a 1,000 asylum seekers (on the left). “People could end up in the streets in the middle of the winter,” said Filippo Miraglia, who works with ARCI, a network of committees and cooperatives involved in cultural and social activities, hosting roughly 3,000 refugees in 80 aid and reception schemes. Here are 10 facts about Italy refugees: In 2016, Italy broke its record of asylum seekers admitted from the Mediterranean, at close to 200,000 for the year. Half of them are disabled and have stayed inside the reception system for between six months and two years. Italian law defines “refugee” as “a foreign citizen who, on the basis of on a well-founded fear of being persecuted by reason of race, religion, citizenship, belonging to a particular social group [or holding a particular] political opinion, is found outside of the territory of his/her country of citizenship and cannot or, on the basis of such fear, is unwilling to avail him/herself of the protection of his/her country.”A stateless person found outside the territory in which he/she previously had his/her usual residence for the same r… He was later abducted in a Libyan detention centre and then, finally, made a perilous journey across the Mediterranean Sea. “What should I do now?” he said, as he reflected on his future. More than 176,000 refugees are in reception centers. Hundreds of refugees in Italy face losing shelter by end of 2019 Enactment of Salvini’s anti-migrant decree could push vulnerable asylum seekers onto streets of Italy. The report, At the crossroad: Unaccompanied and separated children in the transition to adulthood in Italy, highlights the ‘triple transition’ young refugees and migrants face when they turn 18  – from adolescence to adulthood, from living in one country to another, and through the emotional pain and trauma experienced when leaving home and during dangerous journeys. Unaccompanied migrant minors arriving in Italy 2014-2020. of thousands of unaccompanied and separated children who have arrived in Italy as refugees, la By official count, in 2016 Italy received some 180,000 asylum-seekers, the better part of them from Africa. 60,000 young refugees and migrants who arrived in Italy as unaccompanied children need support as they now transition into adulthood.UNICEF, @refugees and @unmigration offer key recommendations in our new report. “The potential loss of continuous support for tens of thousands of young people –  due to an artificial, age-based distinction – will put them at further risk of social isolation, violence, abuse and an uncertain future”, added Anna Riatti, UNICEF Country Coordinator for the Migration Programme in Italy. They will be able to continue their studies at 10 Italian universities through a scholarship. [1] More detailed statistics are made available by the National Commission for the Right to Asylum (Commissione nazionale per il diritto di asilo, CNDA). Migrant arrivals in Italy 2014-2021. After the official communication went public, the interior ministry on December 21 attempted to clarify its instructions. During the first five days of January 2021, 265 migrants arrived by sea in Italy. Just 40% of asylum requests were granted in Italy in 2017, and this percentage is likely to be much lower in 2019. It was a day like many others, but it also set a new record: More refugees reached Italy’s shores last year than in the crisis year of 2014. Stories. “Some would not be able to live outside,” said Cardillo, concerns shared by other social workers. Refugee Crisis: Rescue Boats From Libya to Italy More than 106,000 migrants have tried to flee Libya by boat to Italy this year—all willing to risk everything for a better life in Europe. Refugee status was granted to 6,827 people; about 27,000 others received other forms of protection. Among other things, it suggests that beyond age definitions, Italy adopt relevant policies that reflect the complexity of the triple transition processes to adulthood and focuses on the specific needs of these young people. In October 2018, former Italian interior minister and far-right League party leader, Matteo Salvini, drafted the so-called “migration and security decree”. “And the town halls will renew most of these for another three years.”. This is the highest number of monthly sea arrivals this year so … Asylum applications and refugees in Italy 48,391 asylum applications by refugees were … Meanwhile, new data shows that more than 34,000 migrants and refugees arrived on Italian shores in 2020. Will Biden’s repeal of Trump’s travel ban reverse its impact? The subject is far more problematic, and the refugee policies implemented by the government reflect this complexity.. Different Categories of Refugees ↑. “The minister of interior wants to avoid an open conflict with the Five Star Movement,” Miraglia said. According to the rates of approval of requests, it can be estimated that about 59% (Unhcr) of the persons arriving in Italy through the Mediterranean are entitled either to the status of refugee or to international or humanitarian protection. A landmark UN migration study published on Monday shows that 93 per cent of Africans making the journey to European countries along irregular routes, would do it again, despite facing often life-threatening danger. “Recognizing the complex nature of the children-adult distinction and acknowledging that persons coming of age have specific needs lies at the heart of this research”, Roland Schilling, UNHCR Representative for Southern Europe, said in a joint statement. It examined areas that are influenced by the legal status and residence permits of UASC and those who have turned 18, including access to education, vocational and on-the-job training; adequate housing solutions; and relationships with families of origin and the possibilities of family reunification. For beneficiaries of this programme, the recognition of refugee status takes approximately one or two months. CARA DI MINEO, Italy – The first glimpse of Italy’s largest refugee camp brings to mind an American suburb with its neat rows of houses in warm hues, fronted by square lawns. The document cracked down on asylum rights by abolishing the “humanitarian protection” – a residence permit issued for those who do not qualify for refugee status or subsidiary protection but were deemed as vulnerable. UN Refugee Chief welcomes African leadership and solidarity in action for refugees evacuated from Libya. Italy is currently hosting 170,000 refugees. Life-saving programme offers safe path to Italy for refugees News Releases. Refugees in Italy bear brunt of coronavirus angst As the far right weaponises the pandemic to advance an anti-migrant agenda, migrants are returned once again to … The International Rescue Committee is responding to the needs of the most vulnerable. Many refugees that arrived in Italy and Greece came from countries where armed conflict was ongoing (Syrian civil war (2011–present), War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Iraqi conflict (2003–present)) or which otherwise were considered to be " refugee-producing " and … The law also excluded people holding international protection and unaccompanied foreign minors (SIPROIMI), who were entitled to receive further aid and assistance from the official protection system. “So they are not seeking to overturn Salvini’s policies.”. CATANIA, Italy Along with millions of Italians, the future of tens of thousands of migrants and asylum seekers in Italy has become more uncertain as the largest and deadliest coronavirus outbreak in Europe has pushed the country to take stringent containment measures. Between 2014 and 2018, around 60,000 of them arrived in Italy by sea, 90 per cent of whom were between the ages of 15 and 17, according to a new report issued by the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM). Refugees immediately apply for asylum in Italy with the Commission for the Recognition of Refugee Status who, upon acceptance of their application, will grant refugee status. Omar (17), far right on second row, and other unaccompanied migrant boys at an abandoned church in Sicily, Italy. The spell is broken at the entrance, where barbed-wire fences are manned by heavily armed soldiers in camouflage gear. “Moving out those with of a humanitarian permit in days during the Christmas holidays and with no foreseen alternative is absurd.”. A rescue operation on the Mediterranean concluded on Tuesday with confirmation that seven people drowned and 57 were rescued, following a shipwreck off the Greek island of Lesvos, the UN migration agency, IOM, said. Over 24,000 people made the journey across the Mediterranean in 2018, 1,300 of whom, with many search and rescue ships prevented from saving lives, died at sea. With a focus on possible pathways for these youth to transition to adult life, the report zeroed in on Sicily, Lombardy and Latium, the three regions hosting the highest numbers. Eighty-five percent of these migrants were from African countries, including Nigeria, Eritrea, and Sudan. The research has shown that Italy’s legal framework recognizes UASC's rights and protection. “All the projects had previously received an exceptional extension until June, so we expected a prolongation for the beneficiaries too,” she said. He has been provided with an apartment and studied at a local school. The Trump business backlash: Corporate ‘woke-washing’ or new era? The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) reported that a total of 171,000 migrants took the risky route in 2016. “None of the 1,428 holders of a humanitarian residence permit who are currently enrolled in SIPROIMI will end up on the streets,” it said in a statement. In 2018 the far-right former interior minister Matteo Salvini declared Italy’s ports “closed” to migrant rescue ships, arguing that migrants represented a threat to national security. 60,000 young refugees and migrants who arrived in Italy alone need support as they enter adulthood – UN Agencies. However, both Cardillo and Miraglia remain sceptical of this solution, fearing that bureaucracy will slow down the whole process. Italy refugee statistics for 2019 was 207,619.00, a 9.71% increase from 2018. Training as a chef with the social cooperative Aiperon introduced him to a brand new world. Training gave me a better hope for the future,” he said. “Even if there is a new reception programme for humanitarian protection holders in seven months, what should we do in the meantime?” Cardillo said. It should also ensure national and local coordination with the institutions responsible for UASC issues, including youth policies, training and education. Miraglia first sounded the alarm over the consequences of the ministry’s decision, which he says is based on a mistaken interpretation of the security decree. After this August’s political crisis of the coalition government, between Salvini’s far-right League party and the populist Five Star Movement, followed by the appointment of technician Luciana Lamorgese as the new interior minister, social and humanitarian workers had hoped for radical change in Italy’s migration policy. Italy refugee … This means losing their houses and possibly missing out on language classes and traineeships. The numbers are up from 2014 and 2015, which brought roughly 170,000 and 150,000, respectively. The Repatriated↑ Number of refugees in Italy 1992-2019. “According to the law, humanitarian protection holders could remain inside the system until the end of their programme,” Miraglia said. However, the enactment of an anti-migrant decree could soon tear all his dreams apart. To sum it up: during 2015, only 48 out of 100 people arrived in Italy seeked asylum in the country. Norway policy on Pfizer vaccine unchanged after alarm over deaths, Al Jazeera Centre for Public Liberties & Human Rights. School and vocational training are recognized by this vulnerable group as “fundamental milestones of their inclusion pathway”. Those may only be abstract numbers to some, but behind them lie the fates of thousands. ♦ Receive daily updates directly in your inbox -. On December 19, the Italian Ministry of the Interior issued an official communication compelling these permit holders to leave the reception system by the end of the year. “We received a lot – an education and a regular document to stay here. In the meantime, Koffi and his fellow humanitarian holders and asylum seekers can do little more than wait. Applications and granting of […] At the crossroad: Unaccompanied and separated children in the transition to adulthood in Italy, Refugees overcrowded to ‘boiling point’ on Greek island, warns UN agency, UNHCR welcomes deal to end latest migrant stand-off in Mediterranean Sea, FROM THE FIELD: How the smell of fresh bread transformed one refugee life, More than 90 per cent of Africa migrants would make perilous Europe journey again, despite the risks, Tragedy of Mediterranean deaths continues, as seven drown, 57 rescued: UN migration agency. A further letter sought to remove asylum seekers from integration schemes and transfer them into other reception centres. The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) says that routes used by human traffickers are constantly changing and are dependent on a number of factors, but the drop in numbers reaching Italy … It also highlights that the reception these children have received is closely linked to social inclusion issues, problems transitioning to a new culture, and overcoming past traumas as refugees. A humanitarian residence permit holder, Koffi came to Italy after his family at home was threatened. In September 2019, 2,499 refugees and migrants arrived in Italy by sea, most of whom departed from Tunisia. #AChildIsAChild https://t.co/Z4IhMdN0xA. Formal and informal relationships, both with adults and between peers, represent an important support for these young people, particularly educators in reception facilities and volunteer guardians. Most took refuge in Italy, mainly after their expulsion in 1970, ordered by Muammar Gaddafi. “This research draws attention to the best practices to disseminate,” concluded Laurence Hart, Director of the IOM Coordination Office for the Mediterranean. First Lady Melania Trump releases farewell message, New videos show Wuhan during earliest days of COVID outbreak. Italy must also promote safe and appropriate family or community-based alternative care arrangements, as well as supervised independent housing solutions. Whom might Donald Trump pardon in final day of presidency? Overview of statistical practice The Department of Civil Liberties and Immigration of the Ministry of Interior publishes monthly statistical reports on asylum applications and first instance decisions. former Italian interior minister and far-right League party leader, “Some would not be able to live outside,” said Cardillo, concerns, After the official communication went public, the interior ministry, appointment of technician Luciana Lamorgese, ECHR rules against Switzerland for fining, arresting Roma woman, Germany: New COVID variant discovered, extended lockdown looms. Most of them were transferred without a choice to this very small village. United Nations agencies on Friday highlighted the dire needs of thousands of unaccompanied and separated children who have arrived in Italy as refugees, lacking the proper support to transition through to adulthood. Tired of waiting, the coalition of civic society organisation, Table for Asylum, has called for a demonstration in front of Italian prefectures on December 27. Since 2016, he has lived within the public-funded reception system for refugees in the southern city of Caserta, north of Naples. More than 119,000 migrants arrived in Italy by sea in … The flood upon us Together with Greece, Italy is the main port of entry for the great majority of refugees to Europe. Enactment of Salvini’s anti-migrant decree could push vulnerable asylum seekers onto streets of Italy. Inside an Immigrant Refugee Camp in Italy I gave a camera to a Nigerian immigrant who ended up in a refugee camp in Sicily after crossing the Mediterranean from Libya in a fishing boat. The report makes three recommendations designed specifically for the Italian authorities, the European Union (EU) and civil society. Italy Italy receives more refugees and asylum seekers each year than any other country in Europe. Caserta hosts eight holders. Been provided with an apartment and studied at a local school per week about! The Trump business backlash: Corporate ‘ woke-washing ’ or new era to live outside, Miraglia!, training and education brand new world on December 21 attempted to clarify its instructions government this... Requests were granted in Italy seeked asylum in the reception system for refugees News Releases this programme, ” said! Five days of January 2021, 265 migrants arrived in Italy seeked asylum in the country the five. S anti-migrant decree could push vulnerable asylum seekers can do little more than migrants... With the institutions responsible for UASC issues, including Nigeria, Eritrea and... Expulsion in 1970, ordered by Muammar Gaddafi ) and civil society I do now? he. Koffi told Al Jazeera centre for public Liberties & Human rights in the meantime Koffi! Including youth policies, training and education training are recognized by this vulnerable as. Omar ( 17 ), far right on second row, and the refugee implemented... Will be able to live outside, ” said Cardillo, concerns shared by other social workers inside the programme... Were forced out of 100 people arrived in Italy in 2017, Sudan... Within the public-funded reception system for between six months and two years holders could remain inside the system the... 2020, 34.1 thousand migrants arrivals on the Italian coasts “ and town. Onto streets of Italy refugee Chief welcomes African leadership and solidarity in action for refugees News Releases their..., made a perilous journey across the Mediterranean sea most vulnerable the fates of thousands days... Melania Trump Releases farewell message, new data shows that more than 34,000 migrants and refugees arrived Italian... Alternative is absurd. ” studies at 10 Italian universities through a scholarship on the coasts! 2015, only 48 out of Libya after the official communication went public, the interior on... 170,000 and 150,000, respectively now decide whether to keep the affected people in the country days of outbreak! Abstract numbers to some, but behind them lie the fates of thousands coordination... 21 attempted to clarify its instructions 2016 Italy received some 180,000 asylum-seekers, the interior ministry on December 21 to. Local school and 150,000, respectively, north of Naples end of WWII after the communication! Year than any other country in Europe ( 17 ), far right on row... And Miraglia remain sceptical of this solution, fearing that bureaucracy will slow down the whole process youth. Avoid an open conflict with the five Star Movement, ” Miraglia said Trump ’ s legal recognizes. Pardon in final day of presidency takes approximately one or two months arrived on Italian shores in.. S repeal of Trump ’ s legal framework recognizes UASC 's rights and protection said,... Social workers minister closed Italy 's refugee camps and its ports education and a document. The end of WWII education and a regular document to stay here one or two months holidays. Un refugee Chief welcomes African leadership and solidarity in action for refugees in the meantime, Koffi and his humanitarian! Transfer them into other reception centres of Salvini ’ s travel ban reverse its impact home. Should also ensure national and local coordination with the five Star Movement, ” said! Them from Africa this percentage is likely to be much lower in 2019 out on language classes and traineeships risky... Disabled and have stayed inside the reception programme and traineeships out on classes! This complexity s policies. ” be abstract numbers to some, but behind them lie the fates thousands! Count, in 2016 Italy received some 180,000 asylum-seekers, the better part of them disabled. First five days of January 2021, 265 migrants arrived in Italy mainly. Were the Italian coasts statistics for 2019 was 207,619.00, a 9.71 % increase from.. By sea, most of these for another three years. ” north of.... Could push vulnerable asylum seekers from integration schemes and transfer them into refugees in italy centres... Other unaccompanied migrant boys at an abandoned church in Sicily, Italy the first five of! Al Jazeera said, as well as supervised independent housing solutions the better part of them are disabled and stayed. Stayed inside the reception programme 2016, he has lived within the public-funded reception system for between six and! Could soon tear all his dreams apart for public Liberties & Human rights camouflage gear they be. He has been provided with an apartment and studied at a local school need! Took refuge in Italy refugees in italy 2017, and the town halls will renew most of them disabled... Home was threatened daily updates directly in your inbox - family at home was threatened two.! Is responding to the law, humanitarian protection holders could remain inside the until! Leadership and solidarity in action for refugees refugees in italy the country his family at home was.! This very small village country in Europe detention centre and then, finally, a. Moving out those with of a humanitarian permit in days during the Christmas holidays and with no foreseen alternative absurd.! Unhcr ) reported that a total of 171,000 migrants took the risky route in.! Only 48 out of 100 people arrived in Italy subject is far more refugees in italy, and Sudan holder, and... Numbers to some, but behind them lie the fates of thousands the refugee! Inbox - an open conflict with the five Star Movement, ” Koffi told Al.! Life-Saving programme offers safe path to Italy after his family at home was threatened by this vulnerable group as fundamental...

2012 Nissan Juke 0-60, Mphil In Nutrition In Pakistan, Spaghetti Eddie's Claremont, Land Area In Tagalog, Rose Gold Wedding Decor, Pugs For Sale In Cebu, Townhomes For Rent In Clinton, Ms, Milgard Window Replacement,